Article of Lorena W. and Magdalena L.
The history of Mdina, the Old Capital City of Malta
The origins of Mdina go back a long way, at that time the hill was a good place to live. The Phoenicians built it as a fortress. The Romans built a wall around the city. In this time, the city was inhabited by nearly 1,000 people. After the Arabs had conquered the city, they gave her the name Mdina (=city surrounded by walls). Because Malta could be better controlled from the coast, another city was appointed capital. When Valletta became the capital in 1571, many inhabitants of Mdina settled in Valletta.
Highlights of the city building: discovering the beauties of Mdina
Mdina is one of Europe’s finest examples of old fortified cities. The mixture of medieval and baroque architecture is quite extraordinary.
Other special features are:
- The main access to the city is the Main Gate, built by the Grand Master of the Order of Malta
- In the East is the Cathedral of St. Paul, behind whose simple Façade is a beautiful inner space.
- In the south of the Cathedral is the Cathedral Museum
Mdina nowdays tourist attraction
Today, the tourists can visit the following places:
- Banca Giuratale, also known as the City Palace, is a public building.
It was built in the 18th century.
- The Chapel of St. Roque
- Bastion Square
- The Greeks Gate is a gate into the fortified city. The gate was originally built in the medieval period, and its outer portal was built in the Baroque style in 1724.
- The Knights Of Malta
- Vilhena Palace, also known as the Magisterial Palace and Palazzo Pretorio, is a French Baroque palace.
- The Torre dello Standard is a tower, forming part of the city’s fortifications.
- Palazzo Santa Sofia
- St. Paul’s Catacombs is a underground graveyard
- Some places from the series Game of Thrones
In cooperation with Stepin GmbH · Beethovenallee 21 · 53173 Bonn
Amtsgericht Bonn · HRB 8736 – Germany