What to know about Valletta, Malta

Article of Lorena W. and Magdalena L.

Valletta, the heart of Malta

The Capital city of Malta is Valetta. Valetta is located in the South-Eastern Region of Malta. It’s the southest capital of Europe. The historical city has a population of 6,444. One of the most concentrated historic areas in the world. This year, Valletta hosted the European Capital of Culture.

The History of Valetta

Valetta was founded by Jean Parisot de la Valette; he was the Grand Master of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem. He laid the cornerstone for Valletta in 1566.

Valletta was to become a major cultural and commercial center, and although it died shortly before completion, Valletta still serves as the capital.

Francesco Laparelli, an Italian engineer, architected the City. When he went back to Italy, he left the completion of Valletta to his assistant, the Maltese, Gerolamo Cassar, who also studied in Rome.

Highlights of the city buildings: discovering the beauties of Valetta

The best known Highlights from Valetta are:

St John’s Co-Cathedral:  is a gem of Baroque art and architecture. It was built as the conventual church for the Knights of St John.

Parliament Building: The Parliament building in Valletta, is the seat of the Parliament of the Republic of Malta.

Upper Barrakka Gardens & Saluting Battery: The Saluting Battery was mainly used for firing ceremonial gun salutes and signals, but it also saw military use during the blockade of 1798–1800 and World War II. It was restored and opened to the public in the early 21st century.

Royal Opera House: The theatre received a direct hit from aerial bombing in 1942 during World War II.

Harbour: The Grand Harbour is a natural harbour. It has been substantially modified over the years with extensive docks, wharves, and fortifications. The harbor has been described as Malta’s greatest geographic asset.


Valetta nowadays tourist attraction

Valletta is maybe the smallest capital of the European Union, but it’s packed full of sights. For example, the national museum of archaeology, where you can see prehistoric artifacts, or the Lascaris War Rooms, which are an underground complex of tunnels and chambers. Also the city gate, it is located at the entrance of Valletta, it was built between 2011 and 2014 with a designs of an Italian architect. Also near the city gate is the Triton fountain; it’s a fountain that has three bronze Tritons holding up a huge basin.


Sending School 
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